21 Compelling Insights from 2023’s Steroid Statistics

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Have you ever wondered why people resort to using steroids, particularly in sports? Have you found yourself stuck in the tiring routine of repetitive exercises, wishing for a more muscular physique?

If so, like many others, you might have gone in search of answers on Google. Steroid use and its impacts appear to be shrouded in ambiguity as, legally, it falls into a grey area – while it is prohibited in certain regions, it is perfectly legal and easily available elsewhere.

This article aims to provide an unbiased insight into who uses steroids, the motivations behind such usage, and potential dangers, including side effects. We strive to furnish our readers with comprehensive knowledge about the realities of anabolic steroid abuse based on available data.

Top Ten Steroid Statistics that Are Heatedly Trending in 2023

  1. Nearly 100% of steroid users in the US have reported experiencing adverse effects.
  2. The mortality rate for critically ill COVID-19 patients decreased by 20% as a result of steroid treatment.
  3. Athletes in the NFL face fines reaching as high as $4 million due to their usage of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs).
  4. Most steroid users, according to statistics on steroid use, predominantly self-source and self-administer their anabolic substances.
  5. The prevalence of steroid misuse, especially among women, is alarmingly on the rise, with teenagers constituting the majority of those affected.
  6. The use of anabolic steroids is strictly banned across all global sports.
  7. The use of anabolic steroids results in the enhancement of performance within a span of 10 weeks.
  8. According to statistics on anabolic steroids, one in four users develops an addiction.
  9. Nearly half of professional athletes reportedly utilize some form of performance-enhancing substances.
  10. According to annual steroid-related mortality rates, individuals who use steroids are three times more likely to have a shortened lifespan.

Essential Facts Everyone Should Know About Steroids

Before deciding to use steroids, it’s essential first to understand all its aspects to accurately establish if they are a right fit for you. Steroids can have both positive and negative effects, and the distinction between these two is fine. Hence, let me elucidate further on the subject of steroids.

1. Our bodies naturally produce two primary categories of steroids.

Steroids are fundamentally hormones, akin to those naturally present in our bodies. Their primary role is to facilitate growth and regulate normal body functions.

However, they also contain additional chemicals that enhance their effectiveness. Steroids predominantly belong to two groups: corticosteroids and anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS). Corticosteroids have the unique ability to rapidly respond to inflammation, battling it efficiently.

Conversely, anabolics are synthetically created versions of testosterone developed to assist those who have lost muscle mass due to various health issues. They are often exploited by professional athletes in excessively high doses – sometimes up to 100 times more than the prescribed dosage for patients with genuine health problems – in order to recover lost muscle mass quickly.

2. The inception of anabolic-androgenic steroids traces back to the 1930s, as per the data on anabolic steroids.

Initially created for treating depression, anabolic substances found their way into sports during the 1954 Olympic Games when Russian weightlifters leveraged synthetic testosterone to improve their achievements. These substances gradually gained popularity, and by the 1980s, pills containing anabolics had entered common usage.

To tackle rising illegal trade issues surrounding these substances, the US Congress deemed it necessary to pass the Anabolic Steroid Act in 1990.

Moreover, in a significant move towards stemming steroid misuse in 2004, over-the-counter sales were entirely prohibited there. However, It’s important to highlight that despite these measures, steroids remain unregulated and legal in several countries, including Russia, India, Mexico, and Thailand.

3. Stats on the economic impact of steroid use.

Recent studies indicate a staggering valuation of the global anabolic steroids market, reaching around USD 10.04 billion in 2019​​. This figure isn’t just a number; it reflects the extensive use and demand for these substances across various sectors, including our own.

The growth trajectory of the steroids market, estimated to surge from USD 3336.86 million in 2021 to about USD 5285.28 million by 2027, further underscores the significant role steroids play in health and fitness industries globally​​.

4. Stats on serious health risks from steroid use.

Information pertaining to frequently used steroids can often be inaccurate due to their illicit status, but a few have emerged as popular choices within the fitness community.

Specifically, Dianabol is well-regarded for its capacity to promote muscle development and elevate testosterone levels in the body. Despite its reputable status, it can instigate detrimental side effects like infertility, hair loss, and damage to the liver.

Anadrol is another steroid that’s favored for its economic cost and rapid effectiveness; however, it operates by retaining water inside the body—suggesting that users might lose more than half of their increased weight after discontinuation.

Anavar is habitually called a ‘female steroid’ because women seem more resilient towards it compared to other performance-enhancing substances, but potential side effects could encompass infrequent acne flare-ups, hair loss, and bouts of depression.

Although Clenbuterol isn’t strictly categorized as a steroid, it follows the same modus operandi by enhancing muscle development—yet its usage has attached health risks potentially causing headaches and nausea or even serious complications like insomnia or severe heart failure.

Deca-Durabolin has been a favorite among males since the 1970s for significantly boosting muscle mass; regardless of this benefit, caution should be exercised as the negative impact may vary from erectile dysfunction or liver complications to depression – extreme cases could even result in episodes of cardiac failure or cancer manifestation.

Insights from 2023 Research Studies

In 2023, several studies have shed light on the serious health risks associated with steroid use in bodybuilding, providing crucial insights for the bodybuilding community. Here’s what the latest research reveals:

  1. Brazilian Bodybuilding Culture and Steroids: A study by Santos et al. (2023) reveals that anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are commonly used in the male Brazilian bodybuilding culture. The study points to concerns about aesthetics, body image, and potential health risks associated with steroid use in this context (Santos et al., 2023).
  2. Adverse Consequences of Steroid Abuse: Jay Horn (2023) emphasizes the adverse consequences of abusing steroids in bodybuilding. This study contrasts the pursuit of health with the detrimental effects of drug abuse (Jay Horn, 2023).
  3. Pharmacology and Health Implications of Methandrostenolone: Khaled Hamlaoui (2023) provides an in-depth review of Methandrostenolone’s pharmacology, its performance-enhancing effects, potential side effects, and overall health implications in bodybuilding and sports (Khaled Hamlaoui, 2023).
  4. Susceptibility to Muscle Dysmorphia and Steroid Use: Research by Gawash et al. (2023) suggests that bodybuilders and fitness athletes may be more prone to developing muscle dysmorphia and using anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS). The study highlights the importance of cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness-based interventions to deter AAS use among at-risk individuals (Gawash et al., 2023).
  5. Treatment Seeking Among Steroid Users: Henriksen et al. (2023) found that among men who use AAS, 45.6% had sought treatment at least once, with younger users experiencing more side effects and health concerns. This indicates a notable degree of health risk awareness among steroid users (Henriksen et al., 2023).
  6. Cushing’s Syndrome from Steroid Misuse: A study by Syed M Aqeel Abidi (2023) discusses Cushing’s syndrome in children as a consequence of steroid misuse by untrained practitioners in rural areas of Pakistan, shedding light on the wider implications of steroid misuse beyond bodybuilding (Syed M Aqeel Abidi, 2023).
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These studies from 2023 provide a comprehensive view of the health risks associated with steroid use in bodybuilding. They underscore the importance of education, awareness, and proper medical guidance for bodybuilders considering or currently using steroids.

5. A large proportion of steroid users, according to statistics on steroid use, are self-reliant when it comes to obtaining and administering anabolic steroids. 

Based on this year’s data concerning steroid use, the predominant behavior seen amongst AAS users is self-dosing of their preferred steroid. This act greatly hampers the precise tallying of both addicts and steroid users.

Furthermore, about 13% of these people have confessed to engaging in risky behaviors such as reusing or sharing needles to inject anabolic substances, thus potentially subjecting themselves to further side effects.

6. The misuse of steroids among women is increasingly prevalent, particularly among teenagers.

Though steroids are primarily composed of testosterone, specific types like Stanozolol and Oxandrolone are more suitable for women.

The 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Report released by the CDC exposes that roughly one in 42 girls in the US have used anabolic steroids, often motivated by the aspiration to improve their physical looks. This data might not be as alarming considering that nearly half of all acknowledged weightlifting athletes in America (47%) are women.

7. Abuse of anabolic steroids is universally banned across all sports disciplines.

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) oversees several registers of forbidden substances, among which are anabolic steroids. These are explicitly cited under the ‘Always Prohibited’ category – a compilation with over 70 types of AAS.

WADA’s diligent measures receive approval from all leading sports bodies, including the Olympic Committee, UNESCO, FIFA, and universally accepted national and international sports associations such as NFL, NBA, NHL, etc.

According to the latest data on performance-enhancing substances issued by WADA, there has been a decrease in Adverse Analytical Findings (AFFs), fundamentally positive tests — it fell from 1.81% of total tested samples in 2016 to 1.48% in 2017.

Unofficial records infer that steroids and substances frequently utilized in professional sports include Androstenedione, Primobolan,Tetrahydrogestrinone (THG), Clenbuterol, and DHEA, amongst others.

8. The majority of anabolic steroid users are males.

Research suggests that in Western countries, between 1% and 5% of people have used anabolic steroids at some point in their lives.

Worldwide, the rate of lifetime steroid misuse is approximately 6.4% for men and 1.6% for women. To put it in perspective, an estimated 43.8% of gym enthusiasts regularly use dietary supplements to boost their performance results.

The main motivations behind illegal steroid use are typically the enhancement of muscle growth and general physical improvement. Contrary to popular belief, bodybuilders are not the main users of anabolic steroids – such substances are also misused in sports like athletics, football, and even speed skating.

9. Use of anabolic steroids will result in performance improvement within a span of 10 weeks.

Bhasin and his team’s research found that sedentary men who take testosterone can gain almost twice the muscle mass compared to those who exercise consistently for the same period. The study also examined the short-term effects of anabolic steroids on physically active men using testosterone. The results showed an average weight gain of 6.1 kg over a span of ten weeks.

10. According to 2021 statistics, the use of steroids has resulted in a 20% decrease in mortality rates among severely ill COVID-19 patients.

Preliminary studies suggest that COVID-19 patients treated with corticosteroids like hydrocortisone and methylprednisolone have a survival rate of 68%. This figure contrasts the 60% survival rate observed in patients not exposed to steroid treatment.

11. Individuals who use AAS are often seen as less suitable for long-term relationships.

While the desire to enhance physical attractiveness is a key motivator for abusing anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), recent statistics indicate that women are approximately 50% more likely to prefer men who refrain from using these steroids for serious, long-term relationships as opposed to those who do use them.

However, it seems there isn’t a notable difference in perception between these two groups regarding their appeal or aptness for casual, temporary relations.

Understanding Steroid Abuse Statistics for a Safer 2024

The abuse of steroids has become alarmingly widespread and is often underemphasized in terms of treatment. Similar to other addictions, reliance on steroids significantly impairs your health and leads to long-term consequences. Regardless of these negative impacts, a substantial number of athletes continue to extensively use steroids.

12. According to statistics on anabolic steroids, it is found that 11.25% of those who use AAS eventually develop an addiction.

While it’s a common misconception that steroids are exclusively used by professional athletes, recent trends demonstrate an increase in the illicit use of such substances among teenagers and non-athletes aiming to accelerate their muscle growth.

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It has been calculated that approximately 2.9 to 4 million Americans have turned to anabolic steroids and performance-enhancing drugs at one time or another. Shockingly, about 1 million reportedly developed dependencies on these steroids.

13. Individuals addicted to Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS) require a structured treatment plan similar to those struggling with other forms of drug addiction.

Although steroids might not have the same reputation as widely used drugs like heroin, it’s crucial to highlight that nearly 56% of users avoid treatment because of this misconception. Addiction to steroids necessitates intervention similar to any other substance dependence.

The duration of treatment for steroid addiction varies between one and three months, generally including a medically guided detoxification. During this stage, patients typically endure withdrawal symptoms such as nausea, physical fatigue, and body pains, among others – all indications of the body returning to normalcy after stopping drug use.

14. According to annual statistics on steroid-related fatalities, individuals who use steroids are at a threefold greater risk of early death.

Data indicates that regular physical exercise can decrease the likelihood of premature death by 30%. However, this statistic does not apply to individuals who abuse steroids alongside their fitness regime.

Recent research published in the Journal of Internal Medicine highlights a 1.3% mortality rate among male anabolic steroid users, a figure significantly higher than the 0.3% observed in non-users. Additionally, findings suggest that those consuming Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) have twice the hospitalization rate due to various health complications.

15. Approximately half of all professional athletes utilize some form of performance-enhancing drugs.

In the world of sports, it has been observed that there is a significant reduction in the use of performance-enhancing drugs, particularly anabolic steroids, with only 2% of elite athletes testing positive.

However, these tests may not be entirely reliable as they might not uncover every substance.

Anonymous surveys conducted on athletes during two significant events revealed that 43.6% and 57.1% of participants from each respective event confessed to doping in the preceding year.

16. The incidents of NBA players getting suspended due to the usage of performance-enhancing drugs are witnessing an upward trend.

Prior to the start of the 2019/2020 season, only ten NBA athletes were officially confirmed to have tested positive for illicit steroid use, with three newly discovered offenders identified within the initial month itself.

Despite over 450 individuals making up the league, these figures might not seem significant but are indeed concerning. The skepticism deepens when one considers various allegations from ex-players and coaches who assert that a majority of players resort to employing Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS).

17. NFL athletes can incur fines amounting to as much as $4 million for the use of Performance Enhancing Drugs (PEDs).

Tight restrictions are firmly established within the NFL, prohibiting football athletes from utilizing performance-boosting drugs.

In 2019 alone, statistical data demonstrates that 42 suspensions were issued by the NFL to players for their use of PED and banned substances, contributing significantly to the league’s income through fines. Taylor Lewan served as an exemplary case when he incurred a staggering fine of $3,929,412 after testing positive for Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS).

Regarding steroid use amongst NFL athletes – early 2020 reports indicate that there have been 11 suspensions thus far, accompanied by total penalties amounting to $1,867,553.

18. Statistics concerning performance-enhancing drugs indicate that soccer players tend to avoid the usage of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS).

FIFA’s soccer regulations mandate every player to undergo both blood and urine testing. This policy was implemented globally in 2016, with more than 33,000 players – accounting for over half of the world’s registered soccer athletes – getting tested.

Interestingly, the test results were significant, as only 97 tests turned out positive. This equates to just 0.29% of all the players who were tested. This is written in English.

Data on the use of performance-enhancing drugs within baseball shows that each year, 600 players are tested repeatedly.

Despite this, only 16 have been penalized by the MLB in the past two years – with exactly eight each year. Players who tested positive for anabolic steroids face suspensions of different lengths: a possible 50-game ban for their first offense and a potential lifetime ban after their third violation.

20. According to statistics, approximately 20% of high school athletes view the use of performance-enhancing drugs as indispensable in high school sports.

Studies show that only a small fraction, 20%, of American high schools execute steroid tests on their athletes. This is surprising given that one in five students feels obligated to utilize Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS) to upscale their chances of turning professional.

Moreover, a quarter of them believe that refraining from these steroids might impede their development.

21. A staggering neat 100% of steroid users in the United States have reported experiencing adverse effects.

The claim that nearly 100% of steroid users in the United States experience adverse effects is supported by a study that found “Nearly 100% of steroid users experience subjective side effects”. However, it’s important to note that the specific percentage may vary across different studies and populations.

Adverse effects of anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use can include a wide range of health issues such as gynecomastia, excessive sweating, fatigue, depression, heart attacks, strokes, liver tumors, and psychiatric problems. While the cited study supports the high prevalence of subjective side effects among steroid users, it’s essential to consider that the actual percentage of users experiencing adverse effects may vary.

Shifting Body Image and Cognitive Effects: A study conducted in 2023 revealed that bodybuilders using steroids perceive their body image differently compared to their non-steroid-using counterparts (R. Salleh, Mohd Nur Ikhwan Shafiee, 2023). This finding is pivotal – it’s not just about the physical transformation, but also how these changes are internalized and perceived mentally. The study also highlighted a variation in cognitive abilities between the two groups, which might be an eye-opener for those who believe that the impact of steroids is purely physical.

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A Double-Edged Sword of Health Complications: The adverse effects of steroids are not to be underestimated. According to a comprehensive study in 2023, steroids have been linked to skin issues like atrophy and striae and, more alarmingly, to vision-threatening conditions such as glaucoma (Muhammad Wajeeh Anis et al., 2023). Imagine striving for physical perfection only to compromise one of your most vital senses – your vision. It’s a sobering thought that underscores the need for caution and awareness.

The Neuropsychiatric and Cardiovascular Conundrum: Often overlooked are the neuropsychiatric effects, such as mood swings and aggression, which can strain personal relationships and mental health. Cardiovascular risks, including hypertension and arrhythmia, are also significant (Allan Johnson et al., 2023). As a bodybuilder, understanding these risks is crucial, as they can have long-term implications on your overall health and well-being.


Can steroids lead to addiction?

The National Institute of Drug Abuse states that Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) can be addictive and can easily be misused, thereby leading to a form of drug addiction. It’s difficult to estimate the exact number of users due to the varying range.

Abruptly discontinuing the use of steroids may trigger withdrawal symptoms akin to those associated with ceasing the usage of illegal substances and alcohol. These symptoms encompass mood swings, intense cravings, restlessness, and in some instances, even periods of depression.

What are the components of steroids?

Anabolic steroids are generally made up of synthetic testosterone or a combination of natural testosterone and chemical amplifiers intended to intensify their effects.

What is the number of individuals using steroids?

The exact number of people utilizing steroids remains unclear, due to the lack of worldwide regulation concerning these substances. By approximations, the misuse of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) varies from 1% to 5% in Western countries.

What is the trend of steroid use in 2023 compared to 2022?

Based on the data from the Anabolic 500 survey, it is observed that there is a significant increase in the trend of anabolic steroid use from 2022 to 2023. This increase suggests a growing concern for the misuse of these substances.

What are the critical effects of anabolic steroid misuse?

The misuse of anabolic steroids can lead to severe long-term health effects. These include cardiovascular diseases, liver damage, psychiatric disturbances like mood swings and aggression, and even steroid use disorder, a form of substance use disorder.

What is the lifetime prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid use?

According to the 2023 Steroid Statistics, the lifetime prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid use is alarmingly high. This is due to the increasing usage of these substances as performance and image-enhancing drugs among both male and female populations.

What are some of the reasons why people may use anabolic steroids?

The primary reasons why people use anabolic steroids are to develop lean muscle mass, increase overall physical performance, and improve physique. However, this comes with notable side effects and risks of anabolic steroid use that can be harmful to health in the long term.

Are there any legal implications related to anabolic steroid use?

Yes, under the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2004, anabolic-androgenic steroid use is strictly controlled. This legal provision criminalizes the unauthorized use, possession, and distribution of these substances.

What is a steroid use disorder?

Steroid use disorder is a type of substance use disorder. It refers to the condition where an individual continues to use steroids despite experiencing significant problems caused by these substances. This includes both physical health issues and interpersonal problems.

Is there a specific segment of the population who use anabolic steroids more than others?

Yes, studies, including the 2023 Steroid Statistics, show that anabolic steroids are used more commonly among individuals associated with the male sex. They might use them despite the harmful side effects for short-term gains in muscle mass and physical performance.

Is there a correlation between anabolic steroid use and other illicit drug use?

There is indeed a correlation. In many reported cases, anabolic steroid use often co-occurs with the use of other illicit drugs. This behavior increases the potential risk of multiple substance use disorders.

How does anabolic steroid use affect physical health?

Anabolic steroid use can result in a range of negative side effects, including cardiovascular disease, liver damage, hormonal imbalances causing secondary sexual characteristics, and an increased risk of infections from unsafe injection practices.

What is the common perception of anabolic steroids?

Despite the clear health risks, anabolic steroids are often perceived by users as necessary for achieving exceptional muscular development and performance enhancement. This perception influences the increasing use of AAS among the population.


Essentially, it’s important to recognize the correct application and possible misuse of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS).

If you’re thinking about utilizing them for any particular reason, it’s crucial to consider the details and insights that were previously shared. Please ensure your response is in English.

Although steroids may be legal in some parts of the world, research underscores that illicit use can gravely harm your health. Therefore, it’s vital to think conscientiously before proceeding with AAS usage.

Please remember that your health is paramount and should always be treated with utmost caution when considering steroids or any other performance-enhancing substances.